AECHMEA
CULTURAL INFORMATION  

Aechmea.weilbachii.var.leodiensis.jpg (27057 bytes)

Aechmea weilbachii

(Pronunciation: EEK-mee-uh)
by Penrith Goff, S.E.Michigan Bromeliad Society

 

     Established as a genus 1794. Now divided into 8 subgenera.
Given the name because of the characteristically sharp points of the 
bracts covering the flower buds and of the sepals (Aechmea, from Greek aichme
"spear tip"). Comprises nearly 200 species.

HABITAT: 
Grows epiphytically in the rain forests of Brazil and neighboring countries. Also grows on rock and as a terrestrial. Some grow in dry areas.

CULTURE: 
Some species flourish in full sun, others in deep shade. Can tolerate dry periods (because of impounded water) but they do enjoy humidity and regular watering. Many of these grow well on rock (the stolons grow roots along the entire length).


CHARACTERISTICS:
Form: Leaf rosette ranges from a narrow tube to a widely flaring vase.
Leaves: toothed; often marked with cross-banding or patterned spotting, ends are rounded but with a sharp tooth at the middle.

Bracts covering flowering scape vividly colored (red, pink, orange)
Inflorescence: Wide range of form: cylindrical, cone-like, panicle; upright or pendant.
Flowers: small, ball-shaped even when open, opening small; flowers sometimes appear not to be
open. Petals have two small flaps at the base.
Fruits: berries form beneath the flowers. Berries (sometimes very colorful) may last several months.

What’s in the name? Names referring to:
entire plant: gracilis, "delicate," miniata "small"
leaves: angustifolia "narrow-leaved," dealbata "dusted with white," fasciata      "barred," recurvata "bent or curved back," triangularis "triangular," zebrina       "zebra-like stripes."
bracts: bracteata "having bracts," ornata "decorated"(refers to intense red bracts)     
inflorescence: coelestis "bluish" (i.e. the flower), cylindrata "cylindrical,"           distichantha "flowers in two rows" filicaulis "threadlike stems," fulgens           "glowing" (in this case, red), gamosepala "sepals fused together," nudicaulis "     "naked stem," penduliflora "pendent flower"

Names denoting similarity to other plants: bambusoides, bromeliifolia, nidularioides, tillandsioides

Name Change:

recently the genus Streptocalyx (18 species) was reclassified as Aechmea. The name streptocalyx is no longer in use.

 

 



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